dissemination strategies in research

Springer Nature. As with all research endeavors, timeliness and relevance are paramount. BMJ. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. 2017;42:309–40. A mathematical theory of communication. Nelson JW, Scammell MK, Altman RG, Webster TF, Ozonoff DM. 1). Multiple studies stressed the importance of research evidence being contextually relevant to the specific policy audience [29, 54, 55, 57]. Often, policymakers appear unwilling or uninterested in considering the application of evidence to their work [45, 53]; when researchers can demonstrate the value and relevance of their work [58], policymakers may be more likely to engage. Building Capacity for Evidence-Based Public Health: Reconciling the Pulls of Practice and the Push of Research. One study explored the usefulness of electronic vs. printed research material and again found differences by type of policymaker—legislators were more likely to read hard copy printed material, while staffers gave higher ratings to online content. State level dissemination heavily relied on printed materials including from mental health care disparity report cards [41], policy briefs [38], and effectiveness reports [50]. Cite this article. While there may be fewer decision-makers for each issue on the state level, policymaking is further complicated by the extensive rules and reporting requirements attached to state use of federal funding as well as competing priorities or needs at the local level within each state [83, 84]. Dissemination and implementation research bridges the gap between research and practice using tools such as D&I frameworks, theories, and models. University of Pittsburgh School of Social Work, 2117 Cathedral of Learning, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion (CHERP), VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, University Drive C, Building 30, Pittsburgh, PA, 15240, USA, Prevention Research Center, Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, Campus Box 1196, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA, Department of Surgery, Division of Public Health Sciences, and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, MO, 63110, USA, You can also search for this author in Systems thinking, knowledge and action: towards better models and methods. Assessing citation networks for dissemination and implementation research frameworks. Robinson P. Theorizing the influence of media on world politics: models of media influence on foreign policy. A recent review of health policy implementation measurement found that validated quantitative measures are underutilized and recommends further development and testing of such measures [89]. Research indicates that dissemination strategies that result in new ideas and actions being implemented tend to be based on relationships Raw search results, citations, and abstracts available upon request. Spit for Science is a longitudinal, VCU-wide research project that aims to understand how genes and the environment come together to influence substance use and emotional health. Involving policymakers when designing projects and framing initial research questions increases the likelihood that key policy stakeholders will remain invested in the work by allowing their individual research interests to shine [34, 41]. 2015;4:79–88. Acad Pediatr. Data-driven child welfare policy and practice in the next century. A conceptual model for dissemination of research to policymakers. How do you share this information to parents, colleagues or the school administration in conferences, meetings or writings? In the UK, infrastructure at the national level includes the National Institute for Health Research Policy Research Programme, which funds health research with the explicit goal of informing national policy decisions in health and social care [87]. Higgins J, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. The results of this systematic review are synthesized in a preliminary conceptual model (organized around the Model for Dissemination of Research) with the goal of improving dissemination strategies for the translation of scientific research to policymakers and guiding future research in this area. Stakeholder Analysis The dissemination strategy should be based on an understanding of In the United States, the Wisconsin Family Impact Seminars (www.wisfamilyimpact.org) are an example of long-standing initiatives that provide the opportunity for researchers and policymakers to come together to discuss unbiased policy-relevant evidence [86]. Orton L, Lloyd-Williams F, Taylor-Robinson D, O’Flaherty M, Capewell S. The use of research evidence in public health decision making processes: systematic review. Cookies policy. The channel is how the message gets from the source to the audience [15]. Researcher-policymaker partnerships: Strategies for launching and sustaining successful collaborations: Routledge; 2017. Dissemination is an active strategy whereby investigators tailor key research findings and messages to a specific audience. The ultimate aim of implementation research is building a base of evidence about the most effective processes and strategies for improving service delivery. Disease Research, Bangladesh (Icddr,b) and the TRAction project in Dhaka and the Dodowa Health Research Center of the Ghana Health Services as well as Ayishatu Gibrin and Najoua Kachouri for their contributions in organising the pilot workshops. Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015: elaboration and explanation. From research to practice: dissemination of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project. 7(1), 1997, 53-67. 2017 Mar;7(1):128-136. doi: 10.1007/s13142-016-0404-x. We examined dissemination based on geographic regions and/or political boundaries (i.e., regions or states). 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 4]. 2. Download Report All titles and abstracts were screened by the principal investigator (LEA) with 20% reviewed at random by a co-investigator (DAQ) with total agreement post-training. 2008;29:29–47. Background: Dissemination of research findings is acknowledged as an important component of any research process. Transl Behav Med. 2014;11:377–87. 38 46 Dissemination and implementation models are essential for understanding and improving D&I processes and outcomes; they help to align research questions with appropriate … El-Jardali F, Lavis JN, Ataya N, Jamal D. Use of health systems and policy research evidence in the health policymaking in eastern Mediterranean countries: views and practices of researchers. 2018; appi.ps.201800153. DAQ is supported by a postdoctoral fellowship through the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Office of Academic Affiliations and the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion at the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System. 2012;87:609–26. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. Friese B, Bogenschneider K. The voice of experience: how social scientists communicate family research to policymakers. Psychol Serv. Three studies (about 11%) focused on local-level government. Your dissemination plan will include six major elements: 1. Data were independently abstracted from each reference in duplicate with conflicts resolved by consensus (LEA and DAQ). Four studies highlighted the importance for early and ongoing engagement with policymakers throughout the research process in order to maximize interest and applicability. 2005;33:83–105. EPPI-Centre. Another common channel was in-person communications such as one-on-one meetings [44] and presentations to stakeholders [51]. Research may also play a role in shaping policy and has the potential to add objectivity and evidence to these other forces [1, 2, 68]. Dissemination and implementation models (also sometimes described as frameworks) are a conceptual and organised combination of theories necessary to guide the planning and evaluation of EBIs and D&I strategies. 2 for the PRISMA flow diagram). At the federal level, dissemination channels tended to be more formal such as congressional committee hearings [36] and legislative development [35]. Environ Health Perspect. PubMed Central  Sorian R, Baugh T. Power of information: closing the gap between research and policy. Second, we provide a rationale for focusing on US studies and that our findings may not be generalizable to other countries. Coffman JM, Hong M-K, Aubry WM, Luft HS, Yelin E. Translating medical effectiveness research into policy: lessons from the California health benefits review program. 2011;6:e21704. The most frequently referenced channel for dissemination to policymakers was print materials, with personal communication (including both in-person and electronic meetings and individual communications) a close second. Articles were independently reviewed and thematically analyzed by two investigators and organized using the Model for Dissemination of Research. These champions can broker important connections; however, researchers and policymakers alike must remember that these intermediaries are not neutral carriers of information, and may spin research in support of personal agendas [45, 52, 53]. Epub 2015 Sep 30. – – – Roy C. (1999). 2011 [cited 2018 Sep 20]. TY - THES. The role of researchers in disseminating evidence to public health practice settings: a cross-sectional study. Annu Rev Public Health. Twenty-seven articles met inclusion criteria (see the Fig. Child Welfare. 1999;78:15–30. Six of included studies (about 22%) examined multiple levels of government and did not separate results based on specific levels of government [27,28,29,30,31, 53]. Yanovitzky I, Weber M. Analysing use of evidence in public policymaking processes: a theory-grounded content analysis methodology. Cambridge; 1950. Marshall TH. Google Scholar. The 27 included 6 studies using quantitative methods, 18 that employed qualitative methods, and 3 that used a mixed methods approach. This finding was mirrored in two studies that found testimonial or descriptive evidence to be as effective as data-driven research [34, 52], particularly in the context of sympathetic populations [52]. Kotler P, Zaltman G. Social marketing: an approach to planned social change. According to article 29.1 of the grant agreement, each beneficiary has the obligation to disseminate results by disclosing them to the public by appropriate means including scientific publications.Although this document of reference only talks about dissemination … The author(s) read and approved the final manuscript. Bristol: Policy Press; 2019. p. 351–68. Moher D, Shamseer L, Clarke M, Ghersi D, Liberati A, Petticrew M, et al. Further research is required to: develop and validate a coherent theoretical framework of health professional and organisational behaviour and behaviour change to inform better the choice of interventions in research and service settings, and to estimate the efficiency of dissemination and implementation strategies in the presence of different barriers and effect modifiers. : ID 2190685. We completed reliability checks on 20% of the final studies, selected at random, to ensure accurate data abstraction. Not surprisingly, the age of the policymaker also played a role in the choice to access electronic or printed material, with younger policymakers much more likely to read electronic copy than were their older peers [58]. 1983;38:85–90. Nurse Res. Implement Sci. One study examined the role of researchers themselves in disseminating findings to policymakers and identified individual- and organizational-level facilitators and barriers to the process [31]. However, it is possible we missed some studies which examine how research influences policy. [55] concur, reporting that some county health officials were wary of the potential to spin research findings to make a case for certain programs over others and noted the need to avoid the challenge of distorting evidence. Garcia AR, Kim M, Palinkas LA, Snowden L, Landsverk J. Socio-contextual determinants of research evidence use in public-youth systems of care. Hennink M, Stephenson R. Using research to inform health policy: barriers and strategies in developing countries. What Works Evid-Inf Policy Pract. dissemination and utilization of research results. BMC Health Serv Res. Bell Syst Tech J. An international perspective on research. The remaining studies covered the topics of education (n = 4) [39, 43, 53, 54], guns [56], veterans [44], and general social research (n = 3) [31, 32, 48]. dissemination effort, or faculty advisors may know other instructors who could incorporate the research report into their classes. These findings suggest that targeted, audience-specific research evidence materials may be more likely to be used by policymakers than generic research evidence. Health Aff. The event was a collaboration with engage@liverpool at the University of Liverpool on 12 Sept 2019. 2014;104:e9–11. Our search strategy included the following terms: [research OR study OR studies OR knowledge] AND [policy OR policies OR law OR laws OR legislation] AND [use OR utilization OR utilisation] OR [disseminate OR dissemination OR disseminating] OR [implementation OR implementing OR implement] OR [translate OR translation OR translating]. POLITICO. One study piloted multiple styles of policy briefs and found staffers preferred to use and share narrative or story-based briefs while legislators were more likely to use and share statistical, data-based briefs [38]. California Privacy Statement, Existing systematic reviews and dissemination research show that passive dissemination strategies are not as effective as active strategies. State of the art: Dissemination and utilization of nursing literature in practice. N2 - The focus of this dissertation is on the organisation and management of scientific research aiming to produce knowledge. 2016;43:569–78. Studies were eligible for this review if they met the following inclusion criteria: (1) occurred in the United States; (2) reported in English; (3) systematically evaluated the impact of research on social policy (this typically excluded studies focusing on policymaker dissemination preferences); (4) discussed domestic social policy (as defined above); and (5) were published in the peer reviewed literature or the grey literature (e.g., think tank research briefs, foundation research publications). Jamieson M, Bodonyi JM. One significant challenge to increasing the rigor in dissemination research studies is the difficulty in choosing and then measuring an outcome. Dissemination is increasingly done at earlier stages of the research life cycle, and such wider and more interactive engagement is becoming an integral part of the whole research workflow. 2011;103:306–16. Google Scholar. consider giving This paper discusses research into curriculum dissemination in the vocational education and training sector in Western Australia. In this blog post we share four creative methods of research dissemination. 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 31]. Public Commun Campaigns. 2018;19:260–70. Meisel ZF, Mitchell J, Polsky D, Boualam N, McGeoch E, Weiner J, et al. Communicating evidence-based information on cancer prevention to state-level policy makers. 2003;56:29–40. Skolarus TA, Lehmann T, Tabak RG, Harris J, Lecy J, Sales AE. 3. The peer-reviewed and grey literature was systematically reviewed to understand … In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and provide valuable insights. volume 15, Article number: 89 (2020) Effective dissemination relies on the use of varied channels to engage with an audience and to facilitate impact. Our search was limited to studies in the United States between 1980 and 2019. Best A, Holmes B. A number of cross-cutting strategies appear to enhance the translation of research evidence into policy. Disease Research, Bangladesh (Icddr,b) and the TRAction project in Dhaka and the Dodowa Health Research Center of the Ghana Health Services as well as Ayishatu Gibrin and Najoua Kachouri for their contributions in organising the pilot workshops. 2009. Milbank Q. However, shifting political agendas in the 1980s saw the demand for evidence increase to provide support for social programs [24]; we hoped to capture this increase in evidence use in policy. Broughton HO, Buckel CM, Omvig KJ, Mullersman JL, Peipert JF, Secura GM. An audience research study to disseminate evidence about comprehensive state mental health parity legislation to US State policymakers: protocol. In an effort to increase ease and efficiency, this document provides key strategies for dissemination, including practical advice and specific templates you can adapt for your use. 1971;35:3–12. This systematic review aims to synthesize existing evidence about how research has been used to influence social policy and is guided by the following research questions: What are common strategies for using research to influence social policy in the United States? The Model for Dissemination of Research includes the four key components described by Shannon and Weaver [11, 12] and later McGuire [13, 14] of the research translation process: the source, message, audience, and channel (Fig. Our findings also highlight several unique elements of the US policy landscape, wherein significant power is reserved from the federal-level and afforded to state-level government. Mosley JE, Courtney ME. Many of the studies included in this review are either case studies or descriptive, making it difficult to determine what, if any, impact the given research had on policy. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data. Mahoney C. Why lobbying in America is different [Internet]. RCUK’s Pathways to Impact) but it is good practice to create one for any research activity. 2014;14:2. The current review identified six dissemination strategies and described their reported effectiveness, while the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) Project identified 73 implementation strategies [90]. These are inspired by the knowledge café organised by the Social Research Association North. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Policy Analysis for What? Lane JP, Rogers JD. McGuire WJ, Rice R, Atkin C. Input and output variables currently promising for constructing persuasive communications. Ashcraft, L.E., Quinn, D.A. It addresses dissemination methods in academic nursing, barriers to the use of research in practice and ways to overcome these. Salamon LM, Siegfried JJ. This allows researchers to work alongside policymakers to reach their goals in addressing educational needs with evidence-informed policy [80]. Edwards C. Complexity in State Government. J Health Serv Res Policy. Weissman JS, Westrich K, Hargraves JL, Pearson SD, Dubois R, Emond S, et al. Researchers and policymakers in Canada have sought to bridge the research-to-policy gap. Researchers are constantly publishing studies on education, which can be very useful in improving teaching methods and understanding students. Clin Nurs Res. Available from: https://www.loc.gov/crsinfo/about/. Future work should further explore the degree to which dissemination strategies and implementation strategies either overlap or are distinct. Aims and objectives. Vol. The search was performed in February 2016 in PubMed, Ebsco/PsycINFO, Ebsco/CINAHL and Embase. We conclude by considering the ethical issues that may be involved in these forms of disseminating qualitative research, as well as the challenges for evaluating the impact of such strategies. Dissemination strategies are concerned with the packaging of the information about the intervention and the communication channels that are used to reach potential adopters and target audience. Three studies highlighted the reliance of effective message delivery on the message’s ability to capture audience interest (e.g., what the research means to the policymaker, specifically and if possible, personally) [27, 34, 41]. Significant international research exists on barriers and facilitators to the dissemination and use of research evidence by policymakers [4, 5]. First, we attempted to cast a wide net when searching for studies which examined the influence of research on social policy by including a broad search of the peer-reviewed literature, think tanks, and content experts. Under Horizon 2020, beneficiaries should engage in dissemination and exploitation activities. In this paper, Philip Scullion sets out to explore and disentangle some of these complexities, examine examples of successful dissemination strategies and … Uses of population health rankings in local policy contexts: A multisite case study. First, we searched the peer reviewed literature using the following databases: Academic Search Premier, PolicyFile, SocINDEX, Social Work Abstracts, and Web of Science. Epub 2017 Nov 20. We expanded the inquiry for evidence by searching the grey literature through PolicyFile, and included recommendations from experts in the field of dissemination of research evidence to policymakers resulting in 137 recommended publications. Research findings can range from data on standardized tests and class assignments, to effective disciplinary strategy. Rogers EM. Brim OG Jr, Dustan J, Brim OG Jr. Translating research into policy for children: the private foundation experience. The authors declare they have no conflicting interests. This system creates major variation across the country in both policy decisions and in resource availability for social policy implementation. Jacobs LA, Ashcraft LE, Sewall CJR, Folb BL, Mair C. Ecologies of juvenile reoffending: a systematic review of risk factors. J Law Med Ethics. Am Polit Sci Rev. HHS Med Care Res Rev. 6 Dissemination strategies are designed to alert an audience and make them aware of new knowledge. One such similarity is obvious: the dissemination strategy of using champions and brokers mirrors the ERIC implementation strategy of identifying and preparing champions. Nursing and Health Care Perspectives, 22(3), 124‐129. Langer L, Tripney J, Gough DA. This document walks the user through the process of creating a strategy to get information to the people who need it, offering simple tips for effectual practice. After piloting four different styles of policy briefs (on the same research topic) with state-level policymakers, Brownson et al. 2000;19:236–40. Research activities supported by public funding are rarely considered complete until the results have been made widely available. Our study adds to what we already know about policymakers’ desire for research evidence and their varying preferences as to the context and form of that knowledge [2, 72, 74] and supports existing efforts to bridge the gap between researchers and policymakers. Our findings provide leads on how to more effectively to engage with policymakers, leading to a greater likelihood of translating research evidence into policy action.

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