ip camera installation requirements

This means that Hikvision equipment can be easily tailored to your budget and requirements, leaving you with a security system that suits your business. Today resolution is defined by the total number of pixels in the sensor or the horizontal and vertical pixels. In general, security cameras, either CCTV analog cameras or PoE IP security cameras, are not energy-consuming as other gadgets like computers or bread toasters; they only need a very little electricity to work. Does DVR/NVR Use a Lot of Electricity. IP Camera manufacturers provide product specification sheets that help you select the right camera for your IP security and surveillance system. NETWORK IP SYSTEMS IP cameras use digital video transmission over CAT5 or CAT6 cable. To confuse us, some manufacturers specify their 3-megapixel or 5-megapixel camera as “1080P” as well. 2.1 Defining System Requirements 1 2.2 CCTV System Design Considerations 3 3. Take a look at our video “How the Video camera Works” for more details about frame rates and how they have evolved from the old days of TV. The noise level can be as high as 20% of the signal so the resulting video can look very noisy when the signal level is very low. Marketing people also use the term “HD” and “720p” or “1080p”, and most recently “4K”. Most megapixel cameras support reasonably good frame rates. The minimum illumination level is also determined by the lens. WDR is measured in dB. CCTV Power Supplies / Battery Packs / Converters and much more. This is not the actual resolution, but rather physical scans of an electron beam on a CRT (Cathode Ray Tube). This CCTV course provides comprehensive information about installation of IP Camera System.Most IP CCTV security systems are very similar (IP Cameras and Network Video Recorders) hence I focus on providing key information applicable to all CCTV systems.I want you to gain knowledge that will be useful for any system you will encounter and not just one particular make: Hikvision, … There are many things that are need for an IP camera setup. A camera with an f-number of f1.2 can pass more light than one that has f2.0 lens. Many IP cameras come with a lens. Be careful. It depends on what you think is an acceptable image. Today 720p refers to 720 pixels in the vertical direction. Many consumers find the need for a professional IP based security camera system for their home, business, or property, but are under the assumption that IP systems are complicated and too tech-heavy. The most important aspect of installing a CCTV camera … Fixed lens, as the name implies, has only one mm or angle setting. This allows you to adjust the setting of the camera lens from your computer making it very easy to install. P-Iris lenses are similar to the DC auto iris lens, except they add additional intelligence to the lens opening. analog camera and power brick. Planning. There are many cameras that have over 1-megapixel resolution. There are quite a few types of IP cameras in the market and we have taken one of the best selling generic IP camera and software. If you increase the shutter speed to 0.5 seconds, the maximum frame rate is only 2 fps. Lenses can have a fixed focus (that can’t be changed), manual focus or auto-focus. It is a good idea to draw a floor plan with camera locations, this will help you in deciding what type of cameras to buy. It is a good idea to draw a floor plan with camera locations, this will help you in deciding … The total number of horizontal lines in a frame was made up of two fields (262.5 lines per field). We review the packaging, remote setup capability, and software management tools that reduce the time to install your IP camera system. It is measured in lux. When you are trying to view an area with challenging lighting conditions it’s best to select a camera that provides a good wide dynamic range (WDR). This article reviews the things that are part of an IP Camera system installation. It can be very confusing. The most common range is -, followed by - Marketing people also use the term “HD” and “720p” or “1080p”, and most recently “4K”. IP Camera Bandwidth Requirement. For further setup and detailed feature descriptions, please refer to the user's manual on the software CD. CCTV Connectors. You may also add an NVR to the above 2 PoE IP camera solutions for video storage. Many of the new Sony and Samsung cameras have this feature. In the old days, people said you needed at least 30 fps. There are some camera specs that indicate very low minimum illumination (0.0001 lux), but this is measured at a shutter speed of 0.5 sec. 75 ohm coax cable. A manual iris lens is usually used with indoor cameras where there is a small light variation. That, of course, is not true in most applications. F. factory reset 4-4. Transmission 36 4.1 Wired Transmission 36 4.2 Wireless Transmission 39 4.3 IP Network Transmission 42 5. For example, a camera that is operating at 30 IRE is receiving 30 percent of the signal from the sensor circuits, while one operating at 50 IRE is receiving 50 % of the signal. They are least likely in the private IP range of - 1080p cameras have at least a 2-megapixel sensor, and it is considered to be the higher resolution “HD camera”. Understanding the specifications, allows you to select the right camera for your IP camera system. We are an engineering and consultation company that sells complete IP security solutions at the very best prices. When the iris is closed all the way, it can reduce the clarity of the image (when used with megapixel cameras). This can be very subjective. These two factors are a big part of why IP camera systems have become drastically more popular over the last few years. For example, frame rates tend to be lower in very high-resolution cameras (over 3 Megapixel). The 2 megapixel Samsung SND-6084 dome camera has 1920 x 1080 pixels, and the aspect ratio is closer to 16:9. This is a very nice feature that makes installation much easier. The smaller the iris opening the longer the depth of field. For more details about this take a look at IP Camera Low Light Sensitivity blog article. The lower the IRE number, the harder the amplifier has to work to boost the signal so it can be seen. There are fixed lenses, variable, and zoom lenses. D. DHCP, obtaining IP address through 3-1. Kintronics provides everything you need to create a complete surveillance and security system. The number of vertical and horizontal pixels and the aspect ratio are defined differently. As the iris increases the depth of field is reduced. You also will require audio in applications like police interrogation rooms. If you plan to release a door lock, you need an output signal to control a relay that can open an electric lock. If you need help understanding the IP camera specifications and selecting the right camera, don’t hesitate to give us a call or send a message. HD Camera:  This is more of a marketing term and is defined as either a 720p or 1080p type HD camera. Since the bandwidth calculation of IP cameras would be too overwhelming, you can view the below IP camera bandwidth chart to see the overall Internet speed needed by your security IP cameras. By using our website you accept our use of cookies. The installation time makes a big difference in the total cost of an IP camera system installation. After identifying them, you can mount the camera and junction box, please note that some cameras may have a deep base for cable management, but this particular camera needs a junction box to hide cable connections like RJ45 connectors and power leads. The resolution of IP cameras is measured in Megapixels. This article reviews the important camera specs, and how to avoid being fooled by specsmanship (from the marketing department). accessing 4-5. description 4-2. displaying 4-2. connecting, to the IP camera. More cameras will follow in the next updates. If you’re looking to save money and are reasonably technical then it can be done. For a more practical guide to how IP cameras perform at low light, take a look at our “IP Camera Low Light Test” which compared a number of IP cameras at low light levels. The better manufacturers also include the relative level of the signal (IRE), which is a measure of how hard the amplifier has to work. We can be reached at 1-800-431-1658 (in the USA), or 914-944-3425, or use our contact form. If the IP camera doesn’t include a lens, it usually includes a standard type CS (or C) mounting capability, so you can use various third party lenses. 6.4When designing a CCTV surveillance installation, the following criteria shall be taken into account under the headings Operational Requirements and documented in an easily understood and clear format: Operational Requirements a) Purpose(s) of the surveillance. IR corrected lens compensates for the focal difference and provides a much clearer image. This means some areas that are close or far away are not in focus. TV / monitor with composite video input. For example, if you want to use the camera outdoors where it can get dark, then the low light specification is important. 4K Camera:  This usually refers to a camera with over 8 Megapixels of resolution. CCTV Camera Housings. The low light level image you see is not only dark but can also be very noisy. Home window. The Sony 4K IP camera has a chip with 4096 H × 2160 V pixels which run at up to 60 fps and conforms to the Digital Cinema Initiative. The longer the shutter stays open, the lower the frame rate. We sometimes see megapixel IP cameras selling for under $200. On the other hand, large businesses and commercial spaces, like malls, require high-resolution videos (i.e., 4K), many cameras, and professional applications to accommodate the installation and management of the cameras. This is an important specification. In most cases you run your video and power to and from the camera on the same CAT5 or CAT6 wire, assuming you are using a POE (Power Over Ethernet) power source such as … The lower the f-number of the lens the more light it will let through. Many manufacturers make it easy and provide both the mm and the angle of the lens in the specification. This discourages them from purchasing one, preventing them the security they require. Here is a review of the important specifications. When the scene is very dark the lens iris opens and the field of view is reduced. The biggest problem with IP camera is to understand how it works, this step by step approach explains how to install an IP camera. For example, a 1.2 Megapixel sensor on the Sony SNC-EM600 camera has 1280 horizontal pixels and 1024 vertical pixels. For IP cameras: IP camera with Power over Ethernet (POE) feature. The Microsoft sample capture program AmCap can be used to test general connectivity with webcams and analog camera cards and devices (not network cameras). In many cases you don’t have to pay more for this capability, you just have to select the right camera. The “p” indicates “progressive” rather than “interlaced.” The older TVs used two interlaced fields to make one frame. Private IPs are good for a LAN. The manual iris is manually adjusted and depends on how much light is expected in the scene. Our team of security experts will help you learn how to install security cameras, including where to place the cameras, as well as overall installation tips. Well, it depends on the application. In the old days, the resolution was measured in TV lines, and they used a TV test pattern to analyze the resolution. Here’s what each of the terms means: Megapixel Camera:  This is a general term used for any camera that has over 1 million pixels in the sensor. A 2 mm lens may have an angle of about 110 degrees, while a 50 mm lens has an angle of about 5.5 degrees. IP cameras don’t require professional installation, saving time for home and business owners. PC requirements for 3-1. contrast 4-5. 2) Is compatible with encoder integral to IP camera. Sometimes the specs are confusing, so always check with us if you have questions. IP cameras are Digital and connect via Cat5 (Networking) Cable or WiFi. The lens angle can affect the f-number, the wider the angle the more light can get in, so the illumination spec is usually measured at the widest lens angle (when a variable lens is included). The Hanwha (Samsung) PNO-9080R has a resolution of 4000 x 3000 pixels. The latest sensors (especially the ones that claim 4K resolution) have different aspect ratios that are similar to the very wide formats used in the cinema market. Once you have holes drilled for your cameras, it’s time to … The pixels are organized in a matrix of horizontal and vertical pixels. The wide dynamic range has been dramatically improved in the latest cameras. The 1080p HD camera has at least 1080 vertical pixels (or horizontal lines). This translates to a maximum frame rate of 2 fps. Back in the old days, TV had only 525 horizontal scan lines per frame. We have a lot of experience with IP security systems, so I’m sure we can be helpful. But, which specifications are important? Each field had half the number of lines. There are a few components that you will need to be able to install this type of security camera system. The Vitamin Decoder 2.1 is used to connect to many popular DLink and Vivotek models, such as the DCS-2000,2100 and 3220, as well as the 4XEM MPEG4 cameras. There is some difference between the definitions of the television industry and the security market. The angle of the lens depends on the size of the sensor and the distance from the sensor to the lens. General Specifications a. The p-iris lens prevents the lens from opening all the way and compensates by increasing the camera amplification of the video signal. Run Cables to Each Camera Location. The focus can be adjusted at the computer, instead of at the camera. The older cameras provided about 50 dB of WDR, and the new Sony and Samsung cameras provide over 120 dB. Before reviewing the specifications, make sure you know your application and objectives. In this case, you need a camera with audio input capability. The Hikvision IP camera lenses have a wider coverage, so whilst they are more expensive than standard CCTV cameras, you will need to purchase less of them to cover the same area. Combining low-light monitoring capabilities and high-definition recognition, Hikvision smart IP cameras can easily meet the requirements of enterprise projects. IP cameras are gaining in popularity for its high definition picture quality, they are not expensive as they were in the past, many CCTV installers have started using IP cameras. The resolution of a camera is defined not only by the sensor, but also the lighting, lens and the electronic circuits. HD IP CAMERA SYSTEM MATERIAL SPECIFICATION . Today the cameras and displays (monitors and TVs) have a single progressive frame that includes all the lines (pixels) at one time. Such as: CCTV Cable and Wire. It is very important to use PoE equipment that is compliant with 802.3af or 802.3at standards, which ensures correct power delivery to the cameras. For example, if you would like to connect an intercom to the camera you will need two-way audio. DVR/NVR tend to use a bit more than CCTV security camera or PoE security camera. 720p cameras usually have a sensor with at least 1.0 megapixels. They include such things as resolution, minimum light sensitivity, lens, WDR, signal to noise, etc. Lenses. The focus of the IP camera can be adjusted either by manually adjusting the lens or by remotely adjusting the distance between the lens and the sensor (back focus). At night it opens the iris and when there is bright sunlight it closes the iris. We use cookies to provide the best browsing experience. You do get what you pay for. In the old days, the resolution was measured in TV lines, and they used a TV test pattern to analyze the resolution. Camera specifications such as resolution, low light sensitivity, and the lens are some of the important factors to consider when selecting your camera. Camera Video & Control window. A variable lens can be manually adjusted through a range of angles. Lens angle:  The lens is measured in mm (millimeter). IP cameras can be powered near the installation point with 12V DC adaptors, or can utilize PoE technology in the PoE switch that provides power and data from one convenient device and over one cable. Back there was not easy yet to find a wireless IP camera, but that was not a problem to design the surveillance system, you are going to see why later. It has approximately 4,000 horizontal pixels. In certain cases, the frame rate has to be reduced. This specification comes from the video broadcast market rather than the security market and can be totally confusing. IR Corrected Lenses:  Lenses bend the light to achieve the right focus and magnification. For example, Axis introduced a camera with 3840 x 2160 which runs at up to 30 fps (which they called Ultra HD). A P-iris camera system works with the camera electronics to prevent the iris from closing all the way. Ensure High Definition IP Camera System is compatible with existing architecture and conforms to the following specifications: A. On the other hand, when the view is very dark, the camera tries to open the iris to let in as much light as possible. You don’t need to worry about the things you require for the setup of IP camera. The importance of each of the camera specifications depends on your objective and application for your IP camera system. Many of them with PTZ support. This crossover of IP cameras to home use is partly due to the device’s self-installation. Here’s what each of the terms means: Megapixel Camera: This i… However, if not it’s almost certainly better to get a professional to do it. Once you know the distance and field of view, you can select the right lens. General 1. It provides Plug & Play Ease of Use. The DC auto Iris lens is usually used with outdoor cameras. At the low light level, the amplifiers are working very hard and there can be circuit noise that affects the video image. Pole-mounting: Two metal straps (not included) Shielded Category 5 (or above) cabling with drain wire should be used for all outdoor wired Ethernet connections and should be grounded through the AC ground of the PoE. USA Phone: 1-800-431-1658 The first step is to identify the location and the purpose of the camera. Audio capability can be very important in some applications. Required Bandwidth = 1 * 6144 kbps + 1 * 1024 kbps =7168 kbps = 7.168 Mbps. The lens allows you to frame the area that you want to see. Yes, there are a few applications where you want higher frame rate, such as in gambling casinos, or in special testing situations, where you need to see very fast motion, but in most cases, you can save bandwidth and storage by reducing the frame rate. With a PoE IP camera switch, you only need to plug the Ethernet cable of all the cameras with PoE into the switch, connect the PoE switch to the router, and then power the system up. If you are only using the IP camera indoors, you may be more interested in the how wide a viewing angle you can achieve. If you want to detect that a door has been opened and start recording video, then you will require an IO input connection to the camera. 1 FEATURES Tribrid video output of IP, TVI and AHD to fulfill different customers' requirements PTZ control for seamless monitoring: - Capable of 360° pan rotation continuously with the tilt movement of -6° ~ 90°, allowing quick and smooth action of the camera lens - Auto Tracking to follow moving objects - Hot Point support to quickly move the camera to the specified point remotely H. help, for IP camera windows 4-2. IR light can bend at a different angle than visible light when the wrong type of glass is used in the lens. “Back focus” is not part of the lens, but is usually listed with the lens specification. Ethernet switch with POE output. Computer attached to local network. Today resolution is defined by the total number of pixels in the sensor or the horizontal and vertical pixels. The sensor may have the megapixels, but the lens may be plastic, and the result is a very low-quality image. Finally another standard called IEEE 802.11n came out and kept the same 2.4 Ghz frequency but increased the speed from 54Mbps to 300Mbps and now the new computers and laptops could also use such standard. description 4-2. displaying 4-1. The f-number will also appear as part of the minimum illumination spec. Getting Started Minimum System Requirements For example, a wide-angle lens could be used to view a small room, while a narrow-angle lens (with more magnification) can be used to see an area that’s far away. You can also select a camera with a built-in microphone, but be careful because it’s always best to have the microphone close to the person talking. If you plan to use a megapixel IP camera system, then make sure you get the IR type lens. Ensure that the camera: 1) Is a dome or positional type as specified in the contract. Solution 3: IP Camera with PoE – NVR – Router. The video is very smooth even at 10 fps. Pro Series (EasyIP) Hikvision Pro Series network cameras aim to provide just the right components, including intelligent features that are affordable and easy to use. b) Potential threat or activity to be monitored and/or recorded. CCTV Mounting Brackets. This is called the signal to noise (S/N) ratio. But, be careful. More than 70 manufacturer like Axis, DLink, Edimax, Foscam, Hama, Instar, LevelOne, LinkSys, LogiLink, Mobotix, Panasonic, LogiLink, TPLink, TrendNET, Vivotek and all IP cameras with MJPEG-Video stream are supported. Either system can have recording capability, but the equipment will be different. The aspect ratio is 1280/1024 which is 1.24 or close to the 4/3 ratio (1.3). Cat-6 Ethernet cable. Iris:  Iris control adjusts how much light falls on the sensor. Planning is Key The aspect ratio (vertical to horizontal ratio) is usually 4:3 or 9:16 (wide). It can be very confusing. I moved this specification to this section because these days frame rates are not critical in most applications. 2. See IP camera. The iris affects the depth of field. Planning before installing a CCTV camera. Components of CCTV Systems 9 3.1 Cameras 9 3.2 Lenses 15 3.3 Housing and Mounts 22 3.4 Video Monitors 25 3.5 Switchers and Multiplexers 30 3.6 Video Recorders 32 4. The lower the number the wider the viewing angle. For more about IP Camera Resolution take a look at our blog article. By increasing the time that the shutter stays open, you can improve the low light performance of most cameras. The marketing people call all these cameras “4K”. Home » Blog » About Technology » Understanding IP Camera Specifications, What’s Important, This article was updated on 4/12/2018 to reflect new IP cameras. for the first time 3-1. Thinking about installing a CCTV system yourself? Check out our short guide below to help you with your choice. For example, there are 2.0, 3.0, 5, 8, 10 and higher megapixel cameras. What is reasonable? Contact our support if you prefer a special camera type. The minimum illumination is the lowest light level that provides a reasonable image from the IP camera. This is most apparent at the higher resolution. This is an important specification. Resolution. The fields were interlaced, so we wouldn’t see the flicker. The zoom lens is similar to the variable lens, but it can be controlled remotely. Installation Requirements. This quick installation guide briefly explains the installation procedure as well as some basic configurations of VIVOTEK VAST central management software. This is a list of relevant British, European and International standards for installers and maintainers of surveillance cameras. Installation requirements vary by system complexity, from stand-alone plug and play wire-free security cameras, to complex multi-camera security systems. The Arecont 10 Megapixel cameras support frame rates up to 7 fps, which isn’t too bad for most applications. There are manual iris controls, DC auto iris, and p-iris lenses. International: 914-944-3425 The minimum light level is also affected by the shutter speed, which relates to the frame rate. The lens also can affect some of the other specifications such as minimum illumination, frame rate, and resolution. Lens light capability:  The f-number of the lens indicates how well the light is transferred through the lens. The traditional and well recognized type of IP Camera is the Pan and Tilt, which requires the user input to move the camera to wherever he wishes to look into. Pixel resolution is 1280 x 1024 (like the Sony SNC-EM600 1.3 megapixel camera), or it can be 1280 x 800 (like the Axis M3004 1.0 megapixel camera). The frame rate can also be affected by very low light situations. Fax Number: 914-944-0717, Copyright © 2020 Kintronics, Inc | All rights reserved |, Integration of IP Cameras and Door Access Control and more, Smartphone Door Access Using Bluetooth Reader, White paper: Video Management Software for IP Cameras, Calculating the Wire Gauge for Power to Your Device. Security Camera H.VIEW 5MP IP Camera with 2.8mm Lens Super HD Dome POE Outdoor Camera, Audio, H.265, Motion Detection, Smart IR, Easy Setup, Easy Install 4.0 … It has to do with the pixel size. The IP address of a network camera is a private IP. For example, when you view a lobby with a large window, you will need a camera that either provides backlight control or better yet WDR. The longer the shutter is opened the more light can reach the sensor. The camera electronics adjust the iris opening depending on how much light it detects. The relationship between the horizontal and vertical pixels is called the aspect ratio.

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