what were the cilician gates

This page was created in 2003; last modified on 8 August 2020. When Septimius Severus fought against Pescennius Niger, he did not attack at the Cilician Gate, but made a detour that must have led him indirectly to the river valley. 11:26). Cilician Gate: road across the Taurus Mountains in southern Turkey, modern Gülek Bogazi. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. mountain range whose strategic importance is related to the Cilician Gates (q.v.). What circumstance in Caesar's life led to his being captured by pirates in 75 BC? Still, it was possible to break through the mountains. View looking north as continues into the region of the Cilician Gates from the south—heading north. On its long rough descent from the Anatolian plateau to Tarsus, it ran through the narrow pass between walls of rock called the Cilician Gates. Cilicia Pedias was of agricultural importance. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region knew (and knows) close contacts with Cyprus. Bronze Age An indication of the difficulty of forcing the Cilician Gate comes from the twentieth century: on the 28th of May 1920, five hundred French soldiers were prevented from passing through the mountain pass by forty Turks. There are a *lot* of important passes in the game (mostly valleys and a few easy mountain passes, those are two very different things). The Cilician Plains, or Çukurova in Turkish, is a region on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.It is characterized by the pine-clad Taurus Mountains sharply dropping to the pancake-flat, sweltering-hot agricultural land of the exceptionally fertile plains of the Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers, extending to the sand dunes at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. From that plain one road ran southward through another masonry (Syrian) gate to Alexandretta, and thence crossed Mt. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. Even today, this part of the journey is extremely difficult, because the soldiers will have to walk on small, sharp stones. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Section of the 100 km long Cilician Gates The Taurus is the region's northern border. Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. The series of viaducts and tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering. The Crusaders called it "Gate of Judas". The Taurus is the region's northern border. Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. The battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. The Bible testifies that Saint Paul of Tarsus and Silas went this way as they went through Syria and Cilicia. Parthian forces made a number of raids into Roman territory after the defeat of the Roman army under Crassus at the Battle of Carrhae. controlled Cilicia and were able to invade The Battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. The Persians, however, had underestimated the speed with which the Macedonian cavalry could reach the capital of Cilicia, Tarsus. Lystra—Turkish highlands where Paul visited three times, healed a cripple, was stoned and left for dead. Alexander captured the granaries before they had been destroyed, and was master of Cilicia. A brief treatment of Gaul follows. This world all changed east of the Cilician Gates. ... Not every army ever has taken the Cilician Gates to get out of Anatolia. Their stratagem was to allow the Macedonians to cross the Taurus; when they were in Cilicia, they would discover that all granaries would have been razed to the ground, and would be forced to return. The Macedonian troops now split up. Amanus by the Syrian Gate, Beilan Pass, eventuall… For the Armenian noble, see. Definição de Cilician Gates: a pass in S Turkey , over the Taurus Mountains | Significado, pronúncia, traduções e exemplos Their two great dynastic castles were Lampron and Papeŕōn/Baberon, which commanded strategic roads to the Cilician Gates and to Tarsus. Cilician Gates The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. The Cilician plain is divided into two main parts: the lower or western plain stretches from the foothills of the Taurus to the sea, [635] and is watered by the Cydnus, Sarus, and Pyramus; its principal cities in the medieval period were Adana and especially Tarsus; Seleucia was its chief port. Cilicia Tracheia was a wild, uncivilized region, the ancient haunt of the notorious Cilician pirates, but seems also to have been used by the Egyptians as a source of ship timber. List of populated places in Mersin Province, Railroad engineering through the Cilician Gates, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Cilician_Gates&oldid=968431, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. To the north east was the principality of Constantine I of Armenia, the son of Prince Rouben I. They liked Sicilian pizza. A Celtic race, the Gauls lived in an agricultural society divided into several tribes ruled by a landed class. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Nur Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. For the Armenian noble, see Constantine of Baberon. Its highest elevation is about 1000m. The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. Before Alexander, Cyrus the Great with Xenophon and his Ten Thousand had marched over this pass and after him; we know that the Romans, the Mongols, and even the Crusaders were here. An indication of the difficulty of forcing the Cilician Gate comes from the twentieth century: on the 28th of May 1920, five hundred French soldiers were prevented from passing through the mountain pass by forty Turks. The southern end of the Cilician gates is about 44 km north of Tarsus and the northern end leads to Cappadocia. The ancient pathway was a track for mule caravans, not wheeled vehicles. Cilician Gates; Gülek Boğazı: Gülek Pass in Turkey: Elevation: 1,050 m (3,445 ft) [1] Traversed by: O-21 E90: Location Turkey, Mersin Province: Range: Taurus Mountains: Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  37.32778°N 34.79444°E  / Coordinates: 37°19′40″N 34°47′40″E  /  Because there are not many roads through this mountain range, it was of great strategical importance. The Cilician Gates is the name of a strategic pass in the Taurus Mountains that was used for centuries. At least, that was the idea and Alexander could easily cross the Taurus. The Army of the Ten Thousand, Alexander the Great before the Battle of Issus, Paul of Tarsus on his way to the Galatians, and part of the army of the First Crusade all passed through the Cilician Gates, the site of the medieval fortress of Baberon (or Barbaron), then a stronghold of the medieval Armenian Principality of Cilicia.[4]. The idea of a "gate" seems to refer to that which one must pass through, and through which access can be controlled. The Cilician Plains, or Çukurova in Turkish, is a region on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.It is characterized by the pine-clad Taurus Mountains sharply dropping to the pancake-flat, sweltering-hot agricultural land of the exceptionally fertile plains of the Seyhan and Ceyhan Rivers, extending to the sand dunes at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Even after the "Cilician Gates" were cut, the crossing of Taurus was a difficult operation for an invading army (as Xenophon and Arrian show). The Cilician Gates (Turkish Külek Boazi or Gulek Bogazi) form the main passage through the Taurus Mountains of southeastern Turkey.Their southern opening is 27.5 mi. The Cilician Gates have been a … From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, "Barbaron" redirects here. The ‘Gates’ were actually a rock formation in a narrow defile. Paphos harbor, from which Paul sailed to Attalia. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. Mountain passes similar to or like Cilician Gates. The battle of the Cilician Gates in 39 BC was a decisive victory for the Roman general Publius Ventidius Bassus over the Parthian army and its Roman allies who served under Quintus Labienus in Asia Minor. Cilician Gates—a pass in the Taurus Mountains near Tarsus, through which Paul traveled. All content copyright © 1995–2020 Livius.org. ends of the Cilician Gates pass, and indeed supposes that Zabarasna was the actual designation of the Cilician Gates themselves. In the east the Syrian gates are the connection with Syria and Mesopotamia. The Book of Galatians speaks of the cities of Derbe, Lystra, and Iconium - cities visited by Paul on his first journey (Acts 14; Gal. image via wikipedia I remember taking down pages and pages (and pages) of notes about Alexander The Great in Mrs. Wilcox's class. Share. Any army moving from the north to the south (e.g., that of the Persian rebel Cyrus in 401, Alexander the Great in 333 BCE, or that of Septimius Severus in 194), was first forced to take the Gate itself, but then he had to move through the narrow canyon of the river Tarsus. Pescennius' army, expecting the attack at the Gate, were caught by surprise. 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